Spectrum Sensing With Small-Sized Data Sets in Cognitive Radio: Algorithms and Analysis

Spectrum sensing is a fundamental component of cognitive radio (CR). How to promptly sense the presence of primary users (PUs) is a key issue to a CR network. The time requirement is critical in that violating it will cause harmful interference to the PU, leading to a system-wide failure. The motivation of this paper is to provide an effective spectrum sensing method to detect PUs as soon as possible. In the language of streaming-based real-time data processing, short time means small data. In this paper, we propose a cumulative spectrum sensing method dealing with limited sized data.

A novel method of covariance matrix estimation is utilized to approximate the true covariance matrix. The theoretical analysis is derived based on McDiarmid’s concentration inequalities and random matrix theory to support the claims of detection performance. Comparisons between the proposed method and other traditional approaches, judged by the simulation using a captured digital TV (DTV) signal, show that this proposed method can operate either using smaller data or working under a lower signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) environment.

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