Power Boosting and Compensation During OTA Testing of a Real 4G LTE Base Station in Reverberation Chamber

A fully operational 4G long-term evolution (LTE) base station is tested in a reverberation chamber to analyze its performance in the presence of a multipath environment, typical of wireless and vehicular communications. Transmission quality parameters are measured ranging from the empty chamber situation (very rich multipath channel) to a very high loading condition to mitigate multipath. In that way, both outdoor and indoor propagation are accounted for.

A large attenuation is inserted between the transmitter and the antenna to reduce the signal received by the user to real-life values encountered in both outdoor and indoor environments. In these scenarios, operators may choose to transmit a constant power spectral density throughout all LTE spectrum, or to increase the energy of control channels at the expense of data channels in order to enforce transmission and provide better quality to the user, especially in poor radio conditions. This is called “power boosting,” and its effect is analyzed in this paper.

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