This paper introduces a novel formalism to improve the performance of an off-body system by deploying multiple ultra wideband (UWB) antennas, positioned strategically on the body. A methodology is presented for determining the optimal positions of UWB antennas on the body, necessary to provide a reliable multiband orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MB-OFDM) UWB diversity antenna system operating in the Federal Communications Commission frequency band between 3.1 and 10.6 GHz. By evaluating the diversity metric, using simulation and measurement data, it is shown that the performance of such a system is stable throughout the entire investigated frequency band for both indoor and outdoor environments.
There is a good agreement between the simulated and measured diversity values with a deviation of less than 9%. Therefore, the proposed technique optimizes the antennas’ positions for maximum diversity performance within a very broad frequency band, independent of the used wireless communication standard. Thus, the obtained diversity system might be used in any kind of wireless communication link within that frequency band, e.g., UWB-OFDM, UWB MB-OFDM, UWB, or even narrowband transmission.